CCTV cameras to help catch errant motorists

NEW SCHEME:A CCTV camera installed at 
Bijapur: Motorists henceforth violating traffic rules in Bijapur city cannot escape from the clutches of law and they will be made to pay fine as the Police Department is installing closed circuit television (CCTV) cameras at major traffic points and the market area.

In the first phase, the department has taken up installation of CCTV cameras at Gandhi Chowk and Lal Bahadur Shatri Market. Minister for Medium and Large Industries and district in-charge Murugesh Nirani will inaugurate the two cameras on August 15.

Speaking to The Hindu, Superintendent of Police D.C. Rajappa said that the camera at the Gandhi Chowk has a radius of 100 metres and is being installed by ATS Communications, a Hubli-based company by spending Rs. 3 lakh. BLDE Association has provided financial assistance for installation of the camera.
“The camera will not only help in controlling traffic but also check whether police constables deputed on duty are performing their duties sincerely or not. It will also help in quick identification of errant motorists involved in accidents,” he added.

Another camera will be installed at the Lal Bahadur Shastri Market which has more than 500 shops. More than 20,000 people of the district visit this place every day. The Lal Bahadur Shastri Marukatti Samithi has agreed to provide financial assistance of Rs. 3.65 lakh for the installation of the camera.

“As the number of people visiting the market every day is more and there are at least eight entrances to the market, it is difficult to keep an eye on anti-social elements by the officers. The camera will help in easily identifying people involved in anti-social activities in the area,” he added.

The department had also written a letter to the Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) officials urging to install such a camera at the Gol Gumbaz to keep an eye on visitors there. The department has given approval and the camera will be installed shortly, he said.

Second phase 

In the second phase, the department has plans to install such cameras at Basaveshwar Circle, the bus terminal and the railway station. A private mobile company has shown interest in installing a camera at the Basaveshwar Circle. However, North West Karnataka Road Transport Corporation authorities have not shown any keenness on installing the camera, he added.

The department has set up a control room at Gandhi Chowk Police Station to monitor traffic and the market areas, he added.

The Living Wells of Bijapur

The bavadis were the main source of water during the rule of the Adil Shahi kings in Bijapur. With their unique architecture, attractive carvings and grandeur, these enchanting bavadis were brimming with water till about three centuries ago. But these heritage structures have been vandalised and fallen into disuse.

The Adil Shahis of Bijapur, well known for their able administration and love for music, were also recognised for the excellent water supply schemes that
they implemented. There is much historical evidence to show that they possessed deep knowledge about water harvesting. Infact they did not look upon water as a mere daily necessity, but also as a luxury commodity to indulge in water sports. The water was collected in the hills outside Bijapur and supplied to the inner parts of the city through tunnels to bavadis. Historians confirm that the density of population in Bijapur was so high during the reign of Ibrahim Adil Shah II and Mohammed Adil Shah that the city probably consumed double the quantity of water it needed.

Bavadis are another term for a well. There are a number of bavadis here such as Tajbavadi, Chand bavadi, Ibrahimpur bavadi, Nagar bavadi, Mas Bavadi, Alikhan bavadi, Langar bavadi, Ajgar bavadi, Daulat Koti bavadi, Basri bavadi, Sandal bavadi, Mukhari Masjid bavadi, and Sonar bavadi etc. In fact, the list is very, very long. Of these, the Taj bavadi and the Chand bavadi are the biggest and attract tourists due to their artistic excellence. While Taj bavadi, with its size and grandeur, occupies the first place, Chand bavadi and Ibrahim bavadi occupy the second and the third places respectively. People of the city still use the 30 bavadis that exist today.
A well generally conjures a picture of a round structure with circular steps. But there is a world of difference between an ordinary well and a bavadi. The essential difference is in the style of construction. A bavadi is generally square-shaped and a passage runs along the entrance with halting rooms at its left, right and in the front. In the smaller bavadis, there is no passage and no halting rooms, though some have steps on the side. The parapet walls opposite the entrance are decorated with carved arches. In spite of these common features, each bavadi differs from the other and is architecturally significant.

Article of Information By


Br. Abdul Aziz Rajput

Bijapur Architecture

Bijapur Suddenly sprung into existence as an important factor in the affairs of the Deccan, rapidly attained the highest rank among its states, and just as suddenly collapsed. It enjoyed the dignity of a capital, the seat of the Adil Shahis, for two hundred years, and then surrendered its liberty... to the overhelming power of Delhi, and was thenceforth compelled to take the secondary rank of one of its numerous dependencies.

It may be as well here to insert a list of the kings of Bijapur with their dates, and the names of the principal monuments ascribed to their reigns.

1) Yusuf Adil Shah (1489-1510)-The first enclosure of the citadel or "Arkilla", the Deckhani Idgah, and Yusuf's old Jama Mosque.

2) Ismail Adil Shah (1510-1534)-The Champa Mahal (1521)

3) Mallu Adil Shah (1534) Deposed, No Works

4) Ibrahim Adil Shah-I (1534-1557)- Mosque at Ibrahimpur (1526), the Sola Thami Mahal (1528), Strenthened the fortifications of the citadel, the Ghalib Masjid, and the old Jama Masjid near the tomb of Hazrat Jafar Sakaf (1551)

5) Ali Adil Shah-I (1557-1580)- His own tomb in the south-west quarter of the city, the city walls and fortifications (1565), the Gagan Mahal (1561), the Chand Bauri, and the commencement of the Great Jama Masjid (1537); The Fortification of shahdurg (1558), and part of the fortified walls of Raichur (1570)

6) Ibrahim Adil Shah-II (1580-1626)- The Mausoleum of Taj Sultana called the Ibrahim Roza (1626), Sat Manzili (1583), the Haider Burj (1583), Malika-e-Jahan Masjid (1587), the Anand Mahal (1589), the Sasngeet or Nauras Mahal and other buildings at Nauraspur (1599-1624) and the Taj Bauri

7) Muhammad Adil Shah (1626-1656)- his own tomb the great Gol Gumbad, the Begam Talao water works (1651), the decoration of the Jama Masjid Mehrab, and the Asar Mahal

8) Ali Adil Shah-II (1656-1672)- The commencement of his own tomb to the north of the citadel, and the rebuilding of a length of the city walls close beside the Landa Qasab bastion (1662)

9) Sikander Adil Shah (1672-1686) No Works.

Article of Information By 

Brief History of Bijapur

The Chalukyan rulers of Kalyana laid the foundation of Bijapur city naming it Vijayapura "City of Victory" Bijapur came under muslim influence first under Allauddin Khilje, Sultan of Delhi and then under the Bahmani rulers of Bidar in 1347. Yusuf Adil Shah became governor of Bijapur in 1481, declar...ed his independence in 1489, Bijapur was the capital of Adil Shahi kingdom from 1489 to 1686. These world famous noble buildings, Mausoleums, Mosques, royal Palaces, Gardens and Fortifications were mainly built by the rulers of Adil Shahi Dynasty. Bijapur is called as Deccan Rome for its Historical Monuments and Rich Heritage.
Source : Abdul Aziz Rajput 

Ali Adil Shah II

Ali Adil Shah II (1657-1672)

On the death of Mohammed Adil Shah on 4th November, 1657, Ali Adil Shah II, a youth of eighteen, succeeded to the throne through the efforts of the Prime Minister Khan Muhammad and the Queen , Badi Sahiba, sister of Qutb Shah of Golkonda.

His accession signaled disasters to the Kingdom and his reign marked the first phase of the decline of the mighty Bijapur Kingdom.

Shah Jahan, anxious to annex Bijapur to his empire, found a pretext in the legitimacy of Alis parents. On Aurangzeb’s plea, Shah Jahan sanctioned the invasion of Bijapur and gave him a free hand to deal with the situation. This sanction of such a war was wholly unrighteous. Bijapur was not a vassal state of the Mughals; but an independent and equal ally of the Mughal Emperor, and the latter had no lawful right to confirm or question the succession at Bijapur. However, Aurangzeb, had to raise the siege and rush to the north for the war of succession to the Mughal throne.

With Muhammad’s death and Ali’s accession disorder had began in the Karnataka. The Nayaks tried to recover their former lands. (Bangalore the Capital of Karnataka was Bijapur’s administrative headquarter for controlling these feudatories by Kempegouda). On the other hand Shivaji increased the momentum of acquiring more and more Bijapur territory and carved an independent Maratha state, while his diplomacy prevented any Mughal Bijapur coalition against him.

At the court things were even worse. With the coming of a young and weak ruler, the party factions and struggle for supremacy was at its zenith. To aggravate the evil, Aurangzeb intrigued with Bijapur nobles and succeeded in winning over most of them.

Throughout his reign of sixteen years, Ali struggled desperately both against the Mughals and the Marathas. He thrice repulsed Mughal invasions. But when he died in 1672 the mighty and glorious Bijapur of Muhammad’s time was deprived of most of its important territorial possessions. With the expansion of Shivaji’s kingdom there was a corresponding shrinkage in the Bijapur territory.

Ali’s reign is marked by developments in Persian and Deccani literature and fine arts, and some good works of history were also produced under his patronage. He was buried in Ali Ka Rouza the world famous Bara Kaman in Bijapur.


* Wakiyate Mamlakate Bijapur by Basheeruddin Dehelvi.
* Tareekhe Farishta by Kasim Farishta
* External Relation of Bijapur Adil Shahis.

The Travel and Tourism Industry of India

The travel and tourism industry of India takes pride of being the fifth biggest in context of its long term growth in Indian economy and is anticipated to emerge as the second biggest global employer by the FY 2019.
The contribution of Indian travel and tourism industry to the nation's GDP is anticipated to attain USD 187.4bn by 2019 against the present USD 67.4bn, as per Travel & Tourism Competitiveness Report 2009 conducted by World Economic Forum. The research has also revealed that the GDP expansion for Indian travel and tourism industry will witness an increase by 7.7 % every year up to the next ten to fifteen years. Moreover, the revenue generated from exports by global visitors and tourism products are likely to produce USD 51.3 billion by FY 2019 against the present USD 16.8 bn.
To benefit from the ever-expanding travel and tourism industry of India, many agents have established Tours and Travel Companies in India. These companies provide attractive tour packages to families, individuals, honeymoon couples, and others to different part of the world.
Source: National Tourism News 

Gol Gumbaz

Gol Gumbaz is the tomb of Mohammed Adil Shah which was constructed in the 17th century by the seventh ruler of Adilshahi dynasty. Gol Gumbaz is situated at Bijapur in Karnataka. The place is 530 kilometers away from Bangalore, the capital city of Karnataka.

Gol Gumbaz is a fine piece of Islamic architectural style. The Gol Gumbaz  has a floor area of 1700 square meter, a height of 51 meter and diameter of 37 meters with 3 meter thick walls. The construction of this large tomb took around 20 years to complete.

Another significant feature of the Gol Gumbaz is its central dome which stands without the support of pillars. Also the central dome of Gol Gumbaz is the second largest dome in the world after the dome of St. Peter's Basilica in Rome.
Gol Gumbaz has another amazing feature. Any sound at this place echoes for over eleven times. Moreover you can even hear the tick of a watch across a distance of 37 meter in the vast dome. You can enjoy the picturesque landscape of the region near Gol Gumbaz from its terrace which can be reached through the steps across the narrow passages.

Apart from the burial chambers of Mohammed Adil Shah, his two wives, his mistress Ramba, his daughter and grandson, the complex of Gol Gumbaz also houses a mosque, a Naqqar Khana, a gateway and a dharamshala. The building in front of the Gol Gumbaz has been turned into a museum that contains all the history about the royal past related to Adilshah dynasty who constructed Gol Gumbaz.